There are several medical conditions that can arise in women after the completion of menopause. These are often referred to as complications of menopause. Although not all women will experience all or even some of these conditions, many will. It is a good idea to be aware of the potential issues that can present themselves. It is also wise to be on the lookout for any signs of these complications for the purpose of early diagnosis and treatment.

Cardiovascular Disease
Heart disease is the number one cause of death in women. Preventative measures that you can take are to see your physician for a checkup and to determine if you are at an increased risk due to family history, lifestyle or other risk factors. In addition to this, controlling your intake of fatty foods, smoking, alcohol use, keep your weight at recommended levels and get plenty of the proper kinds of exercise. Your physician can provide you with more information that is specific to your needs.

Urinary Problems
Incontinence can become an issue in menopausal women due to the fluctuations in estrogen. Estrogen i, s the hormone that helps to keep the tissues of the genital and vaginal areas soft and elastic. When estrogen levels decrease the tissues supporting the urinary tract region may atrophy and weaken. This can lead to leakage of urine when a woman coughs, sneezes, laughs, or sometimes without exertion. Common treatments for this condition include estrogen vaginal creams to replace lost hormones and strengthening of the muscles in the area with Kegel exercises. In addition to this, bladder training can help to restore healthier urinary tract functioning. Half of the women who have used these treatments achieved 100 percent success in regaining control of their bladders.

Osteoporosis is a common condition that occurs when bone mass is reduced causing bones to become weakened and brittle. This results in a higher risk of bone fractures. Bone density decreases after menopause and if not treated, the condition can lead to serious bone conditions. A visit to your health care provider can help you to assess your risk of developing Osteoporosis, and preventative treatments can help to lessen your chances of having this complication.

Weight gain is common during perimenopause and after menopause has been reached. This is due to a slowing of the body’s metabolism. This causes them to retain calories at a higher rate resulting in weight gain. To complicate things further, menopause can bring about an increase in the urge to supplement meals with snacks. This is because of fluctuations in hormone levels that cause irregularities in blood sugar levels. Learning which snack foods make the healthiest will help women to avoid the complication of weight gain during menopause. By using foods rich in phytoestrogens, snack time can also serve as a healthy way to alleviate other symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, night sweats and mood swings.

Sexual Dysfunction
Some women experience conditions that affect their ability to enjoy sex after menopause. As estrogen production slows, the genital region loses it’s elasticity. One of the most common sexual complications associated with menopause is vaginal dryness due to the lack of naturally produced fluids and lubrication. In addition to this, atrophy of vaginal tissue can cause a thinning of the vaginal walls making it shorter and more fragile. This can lead to painful intercourse and an interruption of the normal enjoyment of intimacy. Treatments for this condition include hormone replacement therapy, topical estrogen cream, the use of over the counter lubricants, and alternative treatments such as natural supplements containing phytoestrogens.

While some women breeze through menopause without complications, others develop troubling or even life threatening medical conditions. Many of these can be avoided by taking preventative measures. Consultations with a health care provider are recommended for an overall risk assessment and recommendations for the best ways to avoid falling victim to these byproducts of menopause. If a woman does experience any of these conditions, early diagnosis and treatment can help lessen the risks of death and disability. For most of these conditions a variety of treatment options are available that range from traditional medical therapies to alternative treatments that have been shown to be effective.