You must be an expert when it comes to the fight against sun damage. You are armed with sunscreen in your keychain, in your body, and you have applied one all over your entire body. However, you could still be experiencing sun damage ever since you were a youth. Perhaps you squirmed away when your mum tried to put you in a sun-block.

Unluckily, skin damage from the sun doesn’t necessarily have to be skin-deep. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation wreaks havoc on actual DNA of your skin cells, resulting to wrinkles and fine lines, discoloration, and in extremes, cancer. According to Neal Schultz, M.D., a cosmetic dermatologist in New York City and creator, you have a meter in your skin and every minute you are out in the sun, your body registers it.

Fortunately, the good news is that you can reverse the damage caused by UV light. Once you start to shield yourself from the sun, you will halt the process of additional damage and begin to reverse, to some degree, what you have already accumulated, according to Schultz. Here are some treatments to get you back on the skin recovery journey.

Exfoliate the correct way

If you would like to smooth your skin and create brightness and luster, chemical exfoliation is the best approach to do it, according to Schultz. With chemical exfoliation, the dead skin cells become dissolved other than scrubbing them off often unevenly. That is how some buffers and granule cleansers function.

When selecting a chemical exfoliant, go for a product containing 5% to 8% concentration of glycolic acid, such as BeautyRX Daily Exfoliating Therapy Serum. Glycolic acid is the active ingredient essential for removing the extra layers of dead cells which holds all of the brown pigment that has bundled and accumulated for years. Ensure that you follow the instructions provided by the exfoliants product of your choice.

Fight brown spots

The next important step is to eliminate those brown spots. The product you will require for these is commonly known as “skin bleach”, but there is nothing like bleaching ability in it. Its end effect is lightening the brown areas of your skin, which it attains by stopping the skin’s uneven production of melanin (brown pigment) which your skin produces as it tries to fight UV radiation. Go for a bleaching product containing 2% concentration of hydroquinone as the active ingredient. Ensure you apply it twice or thrice a day in brown areas.

Note: Exfoliation will help hydroquinone to penetrate your skin and work better.

Wear sunscreen

Say no to more burns. To avoid reversing in your journey to skin recovery, always remember to use a sunscreen to avert additional damage. Recent FDA recommendations advices that you should wear a sunscreen labeled as broad spectrum (indicating it offers protection against both UVA and UVB radiations) with an SPF value of 15 or higher. The new sunscreen label regulations were effected in summer of 2012 and majority of products are broad spectrum already. In order to optimize the sunscreen’s protection, apply 30 minutes before moving out in the sun and reapply after every two hours. Dr. Schultz says that the amount of sunscreen you are supposed to use for your entire body while at the beach in just a bathing suit is about an ounce in order to get the actual SPF value.

Use antioxidants

According to Schultz, nightly use of antioxidant-rich topical cream is the best way to go. Antioxidants are important in protecting your skin’s DNA and prevent it from cancer while at the same time protecting the collagen and elastic tissues against free radicals that can lead to wrinkles or a sagging skin. Eating antioxidant foods is healthy and important, but you should also apply creams and serums containing vitamin C, with additional antioxidants so that your skin can absorb them directly. Antioxidants containing vitamin C help in reducing uneven brown pigmentation, but any antioxidant product can’t be misleading, according to Schultz. From the fact that antioxidant won’t do any good to dead skin cells, remember to exfoliate at first.


It would be of no use to carry out the above procedures and then forget to moisturize. A good moisturizer will give you a hydrated soft and smooth skin, averting symptoms of dryness and flaking. Remember to moisturize every time you take a shower to nourish your skin and give it a youthful look.

Bottom line

Some discolorations may take time to treat but you don’t have to be impatient. You may have to contact a dermatologist if a skin discoloration appears suddenly or grows. It is recommendable to stop using products that are known as photosensitive to the sun. On a positive note, a skin condition, such as discoloration or pigmentation, is usually temporary, and if treated using the right natural product and or procedure, it can be overcome.