Preparation for Laser Hair Removal
Choosing a doctor for the procedure is very important. The doctor should be board certified in a specialty such as dermatology or cosmetic surgery and should have an expertise in laser hair removal. Patients should be careful about spas, salons or other establishments that allow nonmedical individuals to do laser hair removal.
Before the procedure, schedule a discussion with a doctor. The doctor will enquire about the medical history along with the details of medication that are being used. The doctor will explain more about benefits, risks, and expectations of the procedure. At the initial visits, the patient can enquire about the treatment plan and the expected costs. The following precautions can be taken by the individual before the session to ensure a better result.
Minimize the exposure to the sun. Tanned skin can further lead to issues like skin lightening. Individuals with tan have to wait until the tan is completely disappeared.
Avoid plucking, waxing, and electrolysis. These hair removal procedures can disturb the hair follicle and interfere with laser hair removal.
Stay away from perfumes, deodorants or any other irritants in the treatment area before and after treatment
Avoid aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs, and herbal supplements due to increased risk of bleeding
Benefits of Laser Hair Removal
1. Precision: Lasers are specific and precise. They can selectively focus dark and rough hairs while leaving the surrounding skin uninjured.
2. Effectiveness: It is proven to be very effective and considered as a permanent hair removal technique.
3. Safety: This method is comparatively safe and painless compared to traditional methods.
4. Speed: Laser is very rapid acting and can remove many hair follicles at the same time. The laser can treat an area in a nanosecond. Small areas could be treated in less than a minute, and large areas may require up to an hour.
Types of Lasers Used
- Ruby Laser – This is the oldest type of laser which is suitable for fine and light hair.
- Alexandrite Laser – Most rapid and common laser, which is apt for treating large body areas
- Diode Laser – This is most suitable for darker skin types. It can be used to treat larger areas
- Long pulse Nd: YAG laser – This is a very versatile laser type which can be safely used in all skin types, including tanned patients. It can be used to treat large coverage areas. But it may cause more discomfort during treatment.
- Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Devices – These devices are not actual lasers, but are considered as laser equivalents. They work with the same principle of specific photo thermolysis to complete hair removal. IPL equipment are more complicated to use than lasers and require a very skilled and trained technician to operate.
The hair that is going to be treated will be trimmed to a few millimeters above the skin surface. Then the laser device will be calibrated according to the color, thickness, and location of the hair being treated as well as the skin color of the individual.
If the laser or light source used is of high intensity, special goggles would be needed to protect the eyes. The doctor might use a topical anesthetic to the skin to avoid any discomfort during the procedure. The outer layers of the patient’s skin will be protected with a cold gel or special cooling device. This will assist the laser light to penetrate the skin properly.
In this procedure, a laser beam is passed through the skin to the individual hair follicle to be removed. The intense heat of the laser helps to remove the hair follicle, which inhibits future hair growth in that area. Laser hair removal is most suitable for individuals with light skin and dark hair.
Once the procedure is completed, the patient will be provided with ice packs, anti-inflammatory creams or lotions, or cold water to sooth any discomfort or pain if present. The next session will be scheduled after a month preferably in six weeks. The treatment will be continued until hair growth is stopped permanently. You can find the more information and procedure about skin laser treatment here.
After the treatment, the specific area will appear like its sun burned. This might last for two days. Cold compresses and moisturizers will provide soothing.
The treated hair will fall off completely within a month. Sun block creams have to be used to prevent any temporary discoloration of the treated area. The presence of blisters is rare. Sometimes it may occur in people with darker complexions. Some individuals may experience issues like swelling, redness, and scarring. But permanent scarring or changes in skin color are very rare.
- Doctor’s would advice the following points for long lasting results.
- Avoid tanning
- Stay away from the sun as much as possible
- Always wear sunscreen when you are outside. Apply a sunscreen that is broad-spectrum, SPF 30+, and water-resistant.
Results of the treatment differ from person to person, and it also depends on the area of the body or faces treated. Multiple sessions of the procedure provide long lasting results. It may stay up to years in some cases, but hair regrowth is still possible. For best results, an individual might need four to six sessions spaced around six weeks apart. In addition to that periodic maintenance treatment (once every 6 to 12 months) are needed.
Laser Hair Removal Cost
- The cost of laser hair removal varies depending on factors that are listed below:
Size of the hair being treated
- Time required for a session
- Texture of hair
- Number of sessions needed
- Whether a doctor or some other technician is performing the procedure
- Geographical location of the hospital or clinic where the treatment is provided
- The range of the laser hair removal treatment in India can vary around INR 2000 to INR 10,000 per session.